Paper ID: 62
MEDICINAL PLANT UTILIZATION FOR HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA BY TRADITIONAL HEALERS IN JAVA ISLAND
Nuning Rahmawati*1, Fanie Indrian Mustofa1, Sari Haryanti1 and Rohmat Mujahid1
1 Medicinal Plant and Traditional Medicine Research and Development Center, Jl Raya Lawu 11, Tawangmangu, Central Java 57792
This ethno-medicine study aimed to reveal the medicinal plant utilization as traditional medicine for preventing as well as curing of hypercholesterolemia by traditional healers in Java Island including Banten, DKI Jakarta, West Java, East Java and Central Java Province of Indonesia. Data was collected based on purposive random sampling among five selected traditional healers in each ethnic on 2015. The results exhibited as of 38 medicinal plant species distributed in 24 families showed to have pharmacological effect on treating hypercholesterolemia whereas Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. and Zingiberaceae were identified as the most prominent medicinal plant and family used by traditional healers. The most frequent plant part used was leaves (34.5%) followed by rhizome (17.3%), fruits (12.7%) and others. Most medicinal plant were gained from house yard (37.6%) with planting efforts as of 45.9%. The most prescribed method by traditional healers was by drinking the formula (97.2%) as many as two times a day (59.63%). The study clearly demonstrated whether traditional healers still had a pivotal role on overcoming ailments and disease especially hypercholesterolemia in Java Island.